Restructuring Humans and Animals

  • Till Frank
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN)


Pavlov’s experiments on dogs have been briefly reviewed in Sect.  2.1. In general, experiments as those conducted by Pavlov involve two forces that occur in pairs. The experiments are about how the human and animal brain can be restructured by means of paired forces. In physics a plenitude of systems subjected to two forces have been studied. For example, a ball rolling down on a ramp is a system subjected to two forces. On the one hand, the gravitational force pulls the ball towards the earth. On the other hand, the ramp exerts forces on the ball such that the ball cannot move downwards on a vertical line. As a consequence of the pair of forces (i.e., gravitational force and force of the ramp) acting on the ball, the ball follows the slope of the ramp in a downwards movement. Note that in the literature on the restructuring of human and animal brains by means of two forces the experiments conducted by Pavlov and similar experiments have also been called “classical conditioning” experiments.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Till Frank
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Psychology and PhysicsUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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