• Till Frank
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN)


The question “What am I” is a question that many of us have asked themselves at some point in time. This question is not about what we are doing for a living. We are factory workers, shop assistants, teachers, and so on. Somebody who asks the question “What am I” wants to know, what he or she is as an entity. Am I what my body is? Am I what I am thinking? Answering the question “What am I” is important for individuals in order to gain a satisfactory perspective of life. The question “What am I” has been asked from a bird’s eye view as the question “What is a human?”. Religion, philosophy, and the sciences have made various efforts to answer this question.


  1. 38.
    P.C. Bressloff, J.D. Cowan, M. Golubitsky, P.J. Thomas, M.C. Wiener, Geometric visual hallucinations, Euclidean symmetry and the functional architecture of striate cortex. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 356, 299–330 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 39.
    P.C. Bressloff, J.D. Cowan, M. Golubitsky, P.J. Thomas, M.C. Wiener, What geometric visual hallucinations tell us about the visual cortex. Neural Comput. 14, 473–491 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 97.
    T.D. Frank, Multistable pattern formation systems: candidates for physical intelligence. Ecol. Psychol. 24, 220–240 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 99.
    T.D. Frank, A limit cycle model for cycling mood variations of bipolar disorder patients derived from cellular biochemical reaction equations. Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul. 18, 2107–2119 (2013)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 101.
    T.D. Frank, From systems biology to systems theory of bipolar disorder, in Systems Theory: Perspectives, Applications and Developments, ed. by F. Miranda, Chap. 2 (Nova Publ., New York, 2014), pp. 17–36Google Scholar
  6. 107.
    T.D. Frank, Formal derivation of Lotka-Volterra-Haken amplitude equations of task-related brain activity in multiple, consecutively preformed tasks. Int. J. Bifurcation Chaos 10, article 1650164 (2016)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 111.
    T.D. Frank, Unstable modes and order parameters of bistable signaling pathways at saddle-node bifurcations: a theoretical study based on synergetics. Adv. Math. Phys. 2016, article 8938970 (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 112.
    T.D. Frank, Determinism of behavior and synergetics, in Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, ed. by R.A. Meyers, Chap. 695 (Springer, Berlin, 2018)Google Scholar
  9. 115.
    T.D. Frank, M.J. Richardson, On a test statistic for the Kuramoto order parameter of synchronization with an illustration for group synchronization during rocking chairs. Phys. D 239, 2084–2092 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 139.
    S. Gori, E. Giora, R. Pedersini, Perceptual multistability in figure-ground segregation using motion stimuli. Acta Psychol. 129, 399–409 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 152.
    H. Haken (ed.), Synergetics — Cooperative Phenomena in Multi-Component Systems (Teubner, Stuttgart, 1973)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 154.
    H. Haken, Synergetics. An Introduction (Springer, Berlin, 1977)Google Scholar
  13. 158.
    H. Haken, Principles of Brain Functioning (Springer, Berlin, 1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 159.
    H. Haken, Brain Dynamics (Springer, Berlin, 2002)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 160.
    H. Haken, Synergetics: Introduction and Advanced Topics (Springer, Berlin, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 162.
    H. Haken, M. Wagner (eds.), Cooperative Phenomena (Springer, Berlin, 1973)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 177.
    V.K. Jirsa, J.A.S. Kelso, Coordination Dynamics: Issues and Trends (Springer, Berlin, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 182.
    J.A.S. Kelso, Dynamic Patterns - The Self-Organization of Brain and Behavior (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1995)Google Scholar
  19. 187.
    S. Kim, T.D. Frank, Correlations between hysteretic categorical and continuous judgments of perceptual stimuli supporting a unified dynamical systems approach to perception. Perception 47, 44–66 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 198.
    J. Kriz, Synergetics in clinical psychology, in Synergetics in Cognition, ed. by H. Haken, M. Stadler (Springer, Berlin, 1990), pp. 393–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 215.
    S.M. Lopresti-Goodman, M.T. Turvey, T.D. Frank, Behavioral dynamics of the affordance “graspable”. Atten. Percept. Psychophys. 73, 1948–1965 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 227.
    K. Mainzer, Thinking Complexity (Springer, New York, 1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 243.
    J.D. Murray, Mathematical Biology (Springer, Berlin, 1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 296.
    M.N. Shadlen, W.T. Newsome, Motion perception: seeing and deciding. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 628–633 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 297.
    M.N. Shadlen, W.T. Newsome, Neural basis of a perceptual decision in the parietal cortex (area lip) of the rhesus monkey. J. Neurophysiol. 86, 1916–1936 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 300.
    B.F. Skinner, Science and Human Behavior (The Free Press, New York, 1953)Google Scholar
  27. 310.
    S.S. Stevens, On the psychophysical law. Psychol. Rev. 64, 153–181 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 352.
    A.T. Winfree, The Geometry of Biological Time, 2 edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 356.
    G. Wunner, A. Pelster, Self-organization in complex systems: the past, present, and future of synergetics (Springer, Berlin, 2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Till Frank
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Psychology and PhysicsUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

Personalised recommendations