Care of the Newborn

  • Morgen Bernius
  • Fernando Mena


The resuscitation of a distressed newborn is a specialty in itself, and most emergency physicians have limited experience in this field. This chapter reviews the critical points in the resuscitation of both term and preterm infants and provides a readily accessible guide to enable the emergency physician to provide delivery room and neonatal intensive care unit levels of care in the emergency department. We review the basic physiology of neonatal circulation as it transitions during birth and the complications that can occur with that process. We provide an extensive review of the neonatal resuscitation algorithm, and a guide for post-resuscitative care and definitive treatment. Additionally, there is a comprehensive description of the various procedures required during neonatal resuscitation from chest compressions to umbilical line placement.


Neonatal resuscitation Premature Newborn Meconium Preductal saturation Blended oxygen 



Advanced Cardiac Life Support


American Heart Association


Congenital Heart Disease


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure


Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation


Emergency Department


Extremely Low Birth Weight


End-tidal Carbon Dioxide


Endotracheal Intubation


Endotracheal Tube


Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy




Inferior Vena Cava


Low Birth Weight


Laryngeal Mask Airway


Meconium Aspiration Syndrome


Meconium Stained Amniotic Fluid


Neonatal Intensive Care Unit


Neonatal Resuscitation Program


Pediatric Advanced Life Support


Partial Pressure of Oxygen


Positive End Expiratory Pressure


Positive Inspiratory Pressure


Pulse Oximetry


Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn


Positive Pressure Ventilation


Umbilical Vein


Very Low Birth Weight


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morgen Bernius
    • 1
  • Fernando Mena
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineMedstar Franklin Square Medical CenterBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsMedStar Franklin Square Medical CenterBaltimoreUSA

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