Club and Group Diplomacy
The centrality of the United Nations in international relations has always been one of multi-multilateralism. For reasons of ideology, geography, tactics, and particular affinities, States have multiplied ad hoc gatherings since the end of World War II. These have turned out to be very closed or expanding clubs. Practices have been established even within the United Nations or the European Union. In addition, club diplomacy proved to be not only the political expression of states. Non-governmental clubs, associating intellectuals and practitioners of international relations, have demonstrated their political influence. Today, multi-stakeholder state partnerships are implemented by big powers and smaller states. Their combination is almost infinite. All of them are not based on treaties. Above all, they are praxis and expressions of the multivectorialization of the diplomacy. Even if the number of clubs is incalculable today, at the same time there is no doubt that it will continue to grow with the States wills. It remains to be seen, whether the development of this time consuming and costly practice does not express the limits of the United Nations system and does not call into question the fundamental role of the United Nations on the world stage.