Complications in Oocyte Retrieval



The most important step for the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process is oocyte retrieval. Under ultrasound guidance, a needle is inserted through the vagina and directed to the ovary and the follicles. Subsequently, the follicular fluid together with the oocyte is aspirated. Although it is a very precise technique, complications may occur. Although these complications are rare, they could be serious and life threatening. In this chapter, we present the complications after oocyte retrieval for IVF as they are reported in case reports and studies with small series of cycles. All studies conclude that these events are associated with pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis that may coexist with infertility.


Oocyte retrieval Complications Hematoma Infection Prevention methods Ovaries 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyMedical School, University of IoanninaIoanninaGreece
  2. 2.Cancer Biology and Therapeutics, Centre de Recherche Saint-Antoine, Institut Nationalde la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale(INSERM) U938 and Institut Universitaire de Cancérologie, Faculté de Médecine, Sorbonne UniversitéParisFrance
  3. 3.Service d’Hématologie Biologique Hôpital Tenon, Hôpitaux, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP)Universitaires Est ParisienParisFrance
  4. 4.Agios Nikolaos CreteCreteGreece
  5. 5.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyChatzikosta General HospitalIoanninaGreece
  6. 6.Department of AnesthesiaSanta Maria Hospital, GVM Care and ResearchBariItaly
  7. 7.I.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San Donato, Department of UrologyUniversity of MilanoMilanoItaly
  8. 8.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyIoannina State General Hospital G. ChatzikostaIoanninaGreece

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