Sustainable Alternative Air Transport Technologies

  • Andreas B. HardemanEmail author


A new generation of aviation and aerospace activities is being born before our eyes. Whether their arrival will be welcomed by society at large may depend principally on their perceived contribution to sustainable social and economic development. This paper discusses the emergence of large cargo drones, (hybrid-) electric aircraft, and high-altitude, supersonic flight from a sustainability perspective, specifically examining the applicability of international noise and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission standards to these newcomers on the global stage. As part of this discussion, ICAO’s jurisdictional boundaries with respect to these activities are investigated, leading to the identification of several regulatory gaps and gray areas that will need to be addressed in the near future in order for the global aviation community to avoid being trapped by “law lag.” The paper concludes that, based on current trends, future generations of aspiring air travelers can expect to enjoy air transportation that is simultaneously more integrated, more inclusive and more sustainable than ever before.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jurist in International Air and Space Law and Independent ConsultantGenevaSwitzerland

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