Application of Metal Organic Frameworks in Carbon Dioxide Conversion to Methanol
During the last century, the concentration of the atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) has increased obviously, due to the industrial development of the humanity and the increment dependence on the use of fossil fuels. Consequently, the concern of scientists with the topics of capturing, storage, and utilization of carbon dioxide has increased during the last decades.
Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are new materials, having high surface areas, high porosity, and different types of the active sites. Based on these features, MOFs are considered as very attractive materials to be investigated in many applications, including separation, sensing of pollutants, hydrogen storage, drug delivery, adsorption, and catalysis. In this chapter, the recent publications concerned with the application of MOF materials as catalysts for carbon dioxide transformation into methanol are listed in comparison with the conventional catalysts. Three different routes for carbon dioxide conversion are included individually: catalytic hydrogenation, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis.
KeywordsCarbon dioxide Greenhouse gases CO2 hydrogenation Methanol synthesis Metal organic framework MOF Catalytic hydrogenation Photocatalysis Electrocatalysis CO2 reduction
Metal organic frameworks
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