European Agriculture and the Bioeconomy: A Historical Overview

  • Kai PurnhagenEmail author
  • Alan Matthews
Part of the Palgrave Advances in Bioeconomy: Economics and Policies book series (PABEP)


Articles 38–44 (Title III) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) govern the European Union (EU)’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Article 38 of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 laid down the establishment of a common market for agricultural products and Article 39 set up a CAP, which was subsequently largely decoupled from the rules of the other common markets. This chapter outlines the historical development of the CAP, the internal market for agriculture and its relationship to the bioeconomy. It illustrates the different steps taken in the agricultural market as well as the policy choices which lie behind it.


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  1. The composition and activities of the Bioeconomy Stakeholders Panel. are described on its website available at:
  2. The Bioeconomy Knowledge Centre’s. website is available at:
  3. Information on the Circular Economy Package and related actions. is available on the DG ENVI website at

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law and Governance GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsTrinity College DublinDublinIreland

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