Advertisement

Challenging Standard Economics and Policies

  • Wladimir Andreff
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Pivots in Sports Economics book series (PAPISE)

Abstract

Standard economics of crime is at bay in the face of such a phenomenon as criminal networks operating in online sports betting-related match-fixing. Another economic model is elaborated on which proceeds with inter-acting the downstream sports betting market with an upstream illegal match-fixing market which emerges under given preconditions. In the light of this more complex model are discussed different tools to combat online sports betting-related match-fixing: surveillance and monitoring of online sports betting, international initiatives to save sport integrity, public regulation of domestic online sports betting (prohibition, state monopoly, criminalisation, legalisation, and liberalisation), property rights and privatisation of sporting outcomes, and international taxation of online sports betting (a Sportbet-Tobin tax).

Keywords

Online sports betting Match-fixing Economics of crime Inter-acting markets model Surveillance Sport integrity Regulation Property rights Privatisation International tax 

References

  1. AGA. (2012). Sport Wagering Fact Sheet. American Gaming Association, USA. Retrieved from http://www.americangaming.org/industry-resources/research/fact-sheets/sports-wagering.
  2. Andreff, W. (1992). French privatization techniques and experience: A model for Central-Eastern Europe? In F. Targetti (Ed.), Privatization in Europe: West and East Experiences (pp. 135–153). Aldershot: Dartmouth.Google Scholar
  3. Andreff, W. (2005). Post-Soviet privatisation in the light of the Coase theorem: Transaction costs and governance costs. In A. Oleynik (Ed.), The Institutional Economics of Russia’s Transformation (pp. 191–212). Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  4. Andreff, W. (2016). Corruption in sport. In T. Byers (Ed.), Contemporary Issues in Sport Management: A Critical Introduction (pp. 46–66). Los Angeles: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Andreff, W. (2017). Complexity triggered by economic globalisation: The issue of on-line betting-related match fixing. Systems, 5(12), 1–18.Google Scholar
  6. Becker, G. (1968). Crime and punishment: An economic approach. Journal of Political Economy, 76, 169–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boniface, P., Lacarrière, S., & Verschuuren, P. (2012). Paris sportifs et corruption: Comment préserver l’intégrité du sport. Paris: IRIS (Institut de relations internationales et stratégiques).Google Scholar
  8. Carpenter, K. (2012). Match-fixing: The biggest threat to sport in the 21st century? International Sport in Law Review, 2, 13–24.Google Scholar
  9. Carpenter, K. (2014). Monitoring betting at Olympic events: Lessons from London 2012. ICSS Journal, 1(4), 84–87.Google Scholar
  10. Chappelet, J.-L. (2015). The Olympic fight against match fixing. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 18(10), 1260–1272. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2015.1034519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Coase, R. H. (1960). The problem of social cost. Journal of Law and Economics, 3(1), 1–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. COE. (2014, September 18). Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions. Macolin: Council of Europe.Google Scholar
  13. Dietl, H. M., & Weingärtner, C. (2012). Betting scandals and attenuated property rights—how betting related match fixing can be prevented in future (Working Paper No. 154). Institute for Strategy and Business Economics, University of Zurich.Google Scholar
  14. Ehrlich, I. (1996). Crime, punishment and the market for offences. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 10(1), 43–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. EP. (2012, February 2). European Parliament resolution on the European dimension in sport. Brussels.Google Scholar
  16. Forrest, D. (2006). Sport and gambling. In W. Andreff & S. Szymanski (Eds.), Handbook on the Economics of Sport (pp. 40–48). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  17. Forrest, D. (2012). The threat to football from betting-related corruption. International Journal of Sport Finance, 7(2), 99–116.Google Scholar
  18. Forrest, D. (2013). Incentives to avoid match-fixing. ICSS Journal, 1(2), 30–35.Google Scholar
  19. Forrest, D. (2016). Gambling and the sports betting industry. In T. Byers (Ed.), Contemporary Issues in Sport Management: A Critical Introduction (pp. 267–280). Los Angeles: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Forrest, D. (2017). Sports corruption and developments in betting markets. In P. Rodriguez, B. R. Humphreys, & R. Simmons (Eds.), The Economics of Sports Betting (pp. 162–181). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Forrest, D. (2018). Match-fixing. In M. Breuer & D. Forrest (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook on the Economics of Manipulation in Professional Sports (pp. 91–114). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Forrest, D., & Parry, R. (2016, September 27). The Key to Sports Integrity in the United States: Legalized, Regulated Sports Betting. Washington, DC: American Gaming Association.Google Scholar
  23. Forrest, D., & Simmons, R. (2003). Sport and gambling. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 19(4), 598–611.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Forrest, D., McHale, I., & McAuley, K. (2008). Risks to sport from the betting sector. In P. Rodriguez, S. Késenne, & J. Garcia (Eds.), Threats to Sports and Sports Participation (pp. 139–160). Oviedo: Ediciones de la Universidad de Oviedo.Google Scholar
  25. Gardiner, S., Parry, J., & Robinson, S. (2017). Integrity and the corruption debate in sport: Where is the integrity. European Sport Management Quarterly, 17(1), 6–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Maennig, W. (2008). Corruption in international sports and how it may be combated. In P. Rodriguez, S. Késenne, & J. Garcia (Eds.), Threats to Sports and Sports Participation (pp. 83–111). Oviedo: Ediciones de la Universidad de Oviedo.Google Scholar
  27. McHale, I. G. (2018). The use of forensic statistics to identify corruption in sport. In M. Breuer & D. Forrest (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook on the Economics of Manipulation in Professional Sports (pp. 181–198). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Reiche, D. (2013). The prohibition of online sports betting: A comparative analysis of Germany and the United States. European Sport Management Quarterly, 13(3), 293–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. SCPC. (2016, novembre 28). Rapport du Service Central de la Prévention de la Corruption. Paris: Ministère de la Justice.Google Scholar
  30. Sorbonne-ICSS. (2014, May–September). Protecting the integrity of sports competition: The last bet for modern sport. Report by the International Centre for Sports Security, Paris.Google Scholar
  31. Tobin, J. (1978). A proposal for international monetary reform. Eastern Economic Journal, 4, 153–159.Google Scholar
  32. UNODC & IOC. (2013, July). Criminalization Approaches to Combat Match-Fixing and Illegal/Irregular Betting: A Global Perspective. Vienna, Austria and Lausanne, Switzerland: United Nations Office and Drugs and Crime & International Olympic Committee.Google Scholar
  33. Vilotte, J.-F., & Killy, R. (2014). La manipulation des compétitions, objet du droit international public. Jurisport, 145, 41–44.Google Scholar
  34. Vilotte, J.-F., & Killy, R. (2015). Paris suspects: confusion sur le terrain, confusion dans le prétoire. Jurisport, 158, 37–41.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wladimir Andreff
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre d’Economie de la SorbonneUniversity Paris 1 Panthéon-SorbonneParisFrance

Personalised recommendations