Advertisement

Making Sense of Alcohol Consumption Among Russian Young Adults in the Context of Post-2009 Policy Initiatives

  • Vadim RadaevEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In 2009, the Russian government adopted a new policy designed to support a twofold reduction in overall alcohol consumption. This chapter provides an overview of this new policy with a particular emphasis on restrictive measures that might influence young adults’ alcohol consumption. Data on different age cohorts are collected from 1994 to 2016 from the nationwide annual Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey representing the Russian population. Evidence suggests that, combined with the two economic crises of 2008–2009 and 2014–2016, the policy restrictions have contributed to a decline in alcohol use in Russia. In particular, young adults aged 18–30 years drink less than older generations, exhibiting lower percentage of drinkers, lower volumes of alcohol consumption, and less excessive drinking.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the Program for Basic Research of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. I thank Yana Roshchina for valuable comments.

References

  1. Barda, C., & Sardianou, E. (2010). Analysing consumers’ ‘activism’ in response to rising prices. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 34, 133–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhattacharya, J., Gathmann, C., & Miller, G. (2012). The Gorbachev anti-alcohol campaign and Russia’s mortality crisis (IZA Discussion Paper 6783).Google Scholar
  3. Bor, J., Basu, S., Coutts, A., McKee, M., & Stuckler, D. (2013). Alcohol use during the great recession of 2008–2009. Alcohol, 48(3), 343–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chaloupka, F. J., Grossman, M., & Saffer, H. (2002). The effects of price on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Alcohol Research & Health, 26, 22–34.Google Scholar
  5. de Goeij, M. C. M., Suhrcke, M., Toffolutti, V., van de Mheen, D., Schoenmakers, N. V., & Kunst, A. E. (2015). How economic crises affect alcohol consumption and alcohol-related health problems: A realist systematic review. Social Science and Medicine, 131, 131–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Denisova, I. (2010). Potrebleniye alkogolya v Rossii: Vliyaniye na zdorovie i smertnost [Consumption of alcohol in Russia: Effect on health and mortality] (CEFIR/NES Analytical Reports and Papers 31).Google Scholar
  7. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015–2020. (2015). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2 March 2019 from http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/.
  8. Ekström, K. M., Ekström, M. P., Potapova, M., & Shanahan, H. (2003). Changes in food provision in Russian households experiencing perestroika. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 27(4), 294–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hingson, R., Zha, W., & Smyth, D. (2017). Magnitude and trends in heavy episodic drinking, alcohol-impaired driving, and alcohol-related mortality and overdose hospitalizations among emerging adults of college ages 18–24 in the United States, 1998–2014. Journal of Studies of Alcohol and Drugs, 78, 540–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jukkala, T., Makinen, I. H., Ferlander, S., Vagero, D., & Kaslitsyna, O. (2008). Economic strain, social relations, gender, and binge drinking in Moscow. Social Science and Medicine, 66, 663–674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Khaltourina, D., & Korotayev, A. (2015). Effects of specific alcohol control policy measures on alcohol-related mortality in Russia from 1998 to 2013. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 50, 588–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kolosnitsina, M., Khorkina, N., & Dorzhiev, K. (2015). Vliyaniye tsenovykh mer gosudarstvennoi politiki na potrebleniye spirtnykh napitkov v Rossii [Alcohol pricing policy in Russia: Influence on alcohol consumption]. Ekonomicheskaya Politika, 10(5), 171–190.Google Scholar
  13. Kontseptsiya gosudarstvennoy politiki po snizheniyu masshtabov zloupotrebleniya alkogolem I profilaktiki alkogolizma sredi naseleniya Rossiiskoy Federatsii na period do 2020 goda [Strategy paper on national policies to reduce the level of alcohol abuse and on the prevention of alcoholism among the population of the Russian Federation until 2020]. Russian Federation Government, 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2019 from http://fsrar.ru/policy_of_sobriety/koncepcia.
  14. Livingston, M., & Callinan, S. (2015). Under-reporting in alcohol surveys: Whose drinking is under-estimated? Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 76, 158–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Livingston, M., Raninen, J., Slade, T., Swift, W., Lloyd, B., & Dietze, P. (2016). Understanding trends in Australian alcohol consumption—An age–period–cohort model. Addiction, 111(9), 1590–1598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mäkelä, P., Bloomfield, K., Gustafsson, N. K., Huhtanen, P., & Room, R. (2007). Changes in volume of drinking after changes in alcohol taxes and travellers’ allowances: Results from a panel study. Addiction, 103, 181–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Meng, Y., Holmes, J., Hill-McManus, D., Brennan, A., & Meier, P. S. (2014). Trend analysis and modelling of gender-specific age, period and birth cohort effects on alcohol abstention and consumption level for drinkers in Great Britain using the General Lifestyle Survey 1984–2009. Addiction, 109, 206–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nemtsov, A. (2011). A contemporary history of alcohol in Russia. Stockholm, Sweden: Södertörns Högskola.Google Scholar
  19. Nemtsov, A. (2015). Rossijskaja smertnost’ v svete potreblenija alkogolja [Russian mortality in light of alcohol consumption]. Demograficheskoe obozrenie [Demographic Review], 2, 113–135.Google Scholar
  20. Neufeld, M., & Rehm, J. (2013). Alcohol consumption and mortality in Russia since 2000: Are there any changes following the alcohol policy changes starting in 2006? Alcohol and Alcoholism, 48, 222–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Neufeld, M., & Rehm, J. (2018). Effectiveness of policy changes to reduce harm from unrecorded alcohol in Russia between 2005 and now. International Journal of Drug Policy, 51, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pennay, A., Livingston, M., & MacLean, S. (2015). Young people are drinking less: It is time to find out why. Drug and Alcohol Review, 34, 115–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Popova, S., Rehm, J., Patra, J., & Zatonski, W. (2007). Comparing alcohol consumption in Central and Eastern Europe to other European countries. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 42, 465–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Radaev, V. (2015). Impact of a new alcohol policy on homemade alcohol consumption and sales in Russia. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 50, 365–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Radaev, V. (2016). Divergent drinking patterns and factors affecting homemade alcohol consumption (the case of Russia). International Journal of Drug Policy, 34, 88–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Radaev, V. (2017). A crooked mirror: The evolution of illegal alcohol markets in Russia since the late socialist period. In J. Beckert & M. Dewey (Eds.), The architecture of illegal markets: Towards an economic sociology of illegality in the economy (pp. 218–241). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Radaev, V., & Kotelnikova, Z. (2016). Izmeneniye struktury potrebleniya alkogolya v kontekste gosudarstvennoy alkogolnoy politiki v Rossii [Changes in the structure of alcohol consumption in the context of the state alcohol policy in Russia]. Ekonomicheskaya Politika [Economic Policy], 5, 92–117.Google Scholar
  28. Raninen, J., Livingston, M., & Leifman, H. (2014). Declining trends in alcohol consumption among Swedish youth—Does theory of collectivity of drinking cultures apply? Alcohol and Alcoholism, 49, 681–686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Roshchina, Y. (2012). Dinamika i struktura potrebleniya alkogolya v sovermennoy Rossii [Dynamics and structure of alcohol consumption in contemporary Russia]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo Monitoringa Ekonomicheskogo Polozheniya i Zdorovia Naselenia [Bulletin of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey], 2, 238–257.Google Scholar
  30. Skorobogatov, A. (2014). The effect of closing hour restrictions on alcohol use and abuse in Russia (HSE Working Papers 63/EC/2014). Moscow: HSE. Retrieved 2 March 2019 from http://www.hse.ru/data/2014/09/26/1315652159/63EC2014.pdf.
  31. Treml, V. G. (1997). Soviet and Russian statistics on alcohol consumption. In J. L. Bobadilla, C. A. Costello, & F. Mitchell (Eds.), Premature death in the new independent states (pp. 220–238). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  32. Vroublevsky, A., & Harwin, J. (1998). Russia. In M. Grant (Ed.), Alcohol and emerging markets: Patterns, problems, and responses (pp. 203–222). Philadelphia: Brunner and Mazel.Google Scholar
  33. Wagenaar, A. C., Salois, M. J., & Komro, K. A. (2009). Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: A meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studies. Addiction, 104, 179–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. White, S. (1996). Russia goes dry: Alcohol, state and society. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  35. World Health Organization. (2014). Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.Google Scholar
  36. World Health Organization. (2016). World health statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations