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Endometrial Development and Its Fine Structure

  • Takeshi KuritaEmail author
  • Jumpei Terakawa
Chapter

Abstract

Reproduction is the biological process that produces new living individuals and essential for the continuity of species. In mammalian reproduction, the uterus plays a pivotal role as the organ that supports the development of offspring. The main subjects of this chapter are the development and structure of the uterus. To fully make sense of the overall structure of the uterus, the process through which urogenital systems arise must be understood. Thus, we start this chapter with embryology of the uterus. Furthermore, organ structure often dictates the function, and organ function dictates the structure. This bidirectional causality is particularly evident in the human uterus: The human uterus changes in morphology dramatically in response to endocrine cues. On the other hand, the anatomy of the uterus by design dictates its physiologic function. Thus, the aim of this chapter is to provide the foundation for the following chapters through the description of embryology, anatomy, and physiology of the uterus.

Keywords

Müllerian duct Urogenital organ development Congenital uterine anomalies Menstrual cycle Uterine gland 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge Ms. Vanida Ann Serna for editing this book chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cancer Biology and GeneticsCollege of Medicine, The Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Division of Transgenic Animal ScienceAdvanced Science Research Center, Kanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan

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