Experiencer, Theme, Goal, and Patient

  • Mário A. Perini


In this chapter some additional problems about the role Patient are discussed, in particular its delimitation with respect to other traditionally defined roles. It is shown that the Experiencer must be kept distinct from the Patient and that in many cases the elaborate thematic relation “goal” can be derived from the role Patient by elaboration. Some derivations of actual sentences are given, showing how elaborate relations arise from semantic roles: for instance, how the elaborate relation “theme” can, in some cases, be an elaboration of the role Patient. The action of cognitive filters at the elaborate level of ETRs (elaborate thematic relations) is discussed and shown to be necessary.


Elaboration Experiencer Goal Patient Theme 


  1. Loredo Neta, M. (2014). Objeto direto: condições de omissão no português do Brasil [Direct object: conditions of omission in Brazilian Portuguese]. Belo Horizonte: Doctoral Thesis, UFMG.Google Scholar
  2. Schlesinger, I. M. (1992). The experiencer as an agent. Journal of Memory and Language, 31, 315–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mário A. Perini
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

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