Bronchial Blockers: Applications in Thoracic Surgery

  • Manuel Granell Gil
  • José Tatay Vivó
  • Javier Morales Sarabia
  • Edmond Cohen


Bronchial Blockers (BBs) are perfect devices for achieving pulmonary isolation in patients that are about to undergo cardiac, thoracic, mediastinal, vascular, oesophageal or orthopaedic interventions. They are highly functional in procedures that implicate the thoracic cavity and require a one-lung ventilation and collapse of the contralateral lung.

BBs are devices that facilitate the blocking of a major bronchus in order to allow for a distal pulmonary collapse or occlusion through the introduction of the blocker into the corresponding main bronchus or bronchial lobe that the practitioner wishes to collapse.

Two types of BBs exist; firstly including those that are independent, introduced through a standard endotracheal tube and secondly those that are introduced via a specific canal within a special tracheal tube such as the Univent.


Bronchial blockers (BBs) Thoracic surgery Lung isolation Lung separation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel Granell Gil
    • 1
    • 2
  • José Tatay Vivó
    • 3
  • Javier Morales Sarabia
    • 3
  • Edmond Cohen
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Section of AnesthesiologyHospital General Universitario de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.University of ValenciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Hospital General Universitario de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  4. 4.Mount Sinai SchoolNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Mount Sinai HospitalNew YorkUSA

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