Educationally Disadvantaged Children

  • Catherine N. DulmusEmail author
  • John S. Wodarski
  • Fan Yang


Beginning with an overview of the scope of the problem, this chapter synthesizes research on risk factors associated with academic problems. The authors discuss research-based strategies for minimizing risk and enhancing protective factors. Comprehensive, research-based mentoring programs, substantial in length and emphasizing skills development, have the most research support.


Academic problems Risk factors Intervention Prevention Research 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine N. Dulmus
    • 1
    Email author
  • John S. Wodarski
    • 2
  • Fan Yang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.College of Social WorkUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  3. 3.Dongbei University of Finance and EconomicsDalian ShiChina

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