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Differential Diagnosis of Uveitic Macular Edema

  • Ilaria Testi
  • Andres Rousselot
  • Rupesh Agrawal
  • Carlos Pavesio
Chapter
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Abstract

Macular edema (ME) commonly occurs in uveitis entities with posterior segment involvement as Birdshot retinochoroiditis, intermediate uveitis, acute retinal necrosis, sarcoidosis and Behçet’s disease. Among isolated anterior uveitis, HLA-B27 uveitis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis can be complicated by ME due to, respectively, acute recurrent inflammatory attacks and long term chronic active inflammation. Identify the underlying cause, distinguishing among infectious and noninfectious uveitis, and recognize the specific clinical entity is mandatory for instituting an appropriate therapy and preventing risk of functional visual loss.

Keywords

Macular edema Differential diagnosis Anterior uveitis Intermediate uveitis Posterior uveitis Retinal vasculitis Infectious Autoimmune 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilaria Testi
    • 1
  • Andres Rousselot
    • 2
  • Rupesh Agrawal
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Carlos Pavesio
    • 1
  1. 1.Moorfields Eye HospitalNHS Foundation TrustLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyUniversidad del Salvador of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.National Healthcare Group Eye InstituteTan Tock Seng HospitalSingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Singapore Eye Research InstituteSingaporeSingapore

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