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Education and Training as a Disruptive Dual Use Technology

  • J. I. KatzEmail author
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Abstract

Scientific and technical education can have dual uses, with both peaceful and WMD applications. Examples include Iraqi engineering students in the 1970’s learning skills that would later be useful in Saddam Hussein’s nuclear weapons programs, and A. Q. Khan, who went from European degrees in metallurgy to stealing URENCO centrifuge technology and leading Pakistan’s program. Engineering and scientific education in proliferation-related fields should be controlled as are tangible dual use materials and technologies, and denied to citizens of countries likely to be proliferation risks.

References

  1. Langewiesche, William. 2005. The wrath of Khan – How A. Q. Khan made Pakistan a nuclear power—And showed that the spread of atomic weapons can’t be stopped. The Atlantic (November 2005), https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2005/11/the-wrath-of-khan/304333/. Accessed 24 Mar 2019.
  2. NTI. 2015. Iraq – Nuclear. https://www.nti.otrg/learn/countries/iraq/nuclear/. Accessed 22 Mar 2019.
  3. ———. 2017. Arak nuclear complex. https://www.nti.org/learn/facilities/177/. Accessed 26 Mar 2019.
  4. ———. 2018. North Korea – Nuclear. https://www.nti.org/learn/countries/north-korea/nuclear/. Accessed 27 Mar 2019.
  5. Obeidi, Mahdi, and Kurt Pitzer. 2004. The bomb in my garden: The secrets of Saddam’s nuclear mastermind. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and McDonnell Center for the Space SciencesWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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