Principles of Ultrasound Guidance

  • Elaine Situ-LaCasseEmail author
  • Josie Acuña


This chapter gives an overview of basic ultrasound principles, ultrasound equipment, machine settings, and the overall approach to ultrasound-guided procedures. It reviews just enough basic physics for the provider interested in point-of-care ultrasound to know how to incorporate it into their daily practice. There is also an overview of the ultrasound machine’s functions, presets, and knobs along with the frequencies and clinical uses of each commonly used transducer.

The chapter also delineates the steps and general approach to an ultrasound-guided procedure. The example used is vascular access, but once the provider learns how to visualize a needle under ultrasound, they can use ultrasound to guide any procedure. It also explains short-axis, long-axis, and oblique approaches. There are descriptions of select software settings and ultrasound artifacts which improve needle visibility.


Procedures Ultrasound-guided procedures Point-of-care ultrasound Bedside ultrasound Ultrasound physics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineBanner University Medical Center-TucsonTucsonUSA

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