Transnational Activism and Equal Remuneration in India During the Twentieth Century

  • Silke NeunsingerEmail author
  • M. V. Shobhana Warrier
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements book series (PSHSM)


This chapter traces the history of the debate on equal remuneration in India from the colonial period, and then analyses the interaction between the government of India, the International Labour Organization and workers’ and women’s organisations in the quest for gender parity in remuneration during the course of the twentieth century. It contributes to our understanding of the role of global concepts for workers in multiple ways. First, it sheds light on the intersections of different scales, the local, the national and the international, and brings out how advances in global norms and international political opportunity structures can be used by national actors. Second, it shows that, despite the limited achievement of equal remuneration for men and women, the concept has been used in a broader sense to demand equal remuneration for the same or similar work independent of gender. In this sense, the struggle of women’s movements and worker’s organisations has provided a tool applicable to other forms of wage discrimination and has, in fact, been used in the broader struggle for wage justice.


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Swedish Labour Movement Archives and LibraryHuddingeSweden
  2. 2.Kamala Nehru College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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