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Biology and Biochemistry of Bacterial Proteasomes

  • Samuel H. Becker
  • Huilin Li
  • K. Heran DarwinEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 93)

Abstract

Proteasomes are a class of protease that carry out the degradation of a specific set of cellular proteins. While essential for eukaryotic life, proteasomes are found only in a small subset of bacterial species. In this chapter, we present the current knowledge of bacterial proteasomes, detailing the structural features and catalytic activities required to achieve proteasomal proteolysis. We describe the known mechanisms by which substrates are doomed for degradation, and highlight potential non-degradative roles for components of bacterial proteasome systems. Additionally, we highlight several pathways of microbial physiology that rely on proteasome activity. Lastly, we explain the various gaps in our understanding of bacterial proteasome function and emphasize several opportunities for further study.

Keywords

Proteasome Proteolysis Pupylation Mycobacterium 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Proteasome research in the Darwin lab is supported by NIH grants HL92774 and AI088075 awarded to K.H.D. NIH grant T32AI007180 supported S.H.B. HL is supported by AI070285.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyNew York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Van Andel Research InstituteCryo-EM Structural Biology LaboratoryGrand RapidsUSA

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