Educational Trauma

  • Lee-Anne Gray


The cyclical and systemic nature of Educational Trauma is deconstructed in this chapter. The background is anchored in the research on Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), and reflects the depth and breadth of harm that results from Educational Traumas. The specific kinds of Educational Trauma: Spectral, In-situ, Ex-Situ, and Social-Ecological Educational Traumas are defined specifically in this chapter.


  1. Felitti, V. J. (2009). Adverse childhood experiences and adult health. Academic Pediatrics, 9(3), 131–132. Scholar

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lee-Anne Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.The Connect GroupToluca LakeUSA

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