• Farah W. Kawtharani
Part of the Middle East Today book series (MIET)


The conclusion sums up the main arguments made through the book about Shams al-Din. It highlights his theoretical discussion of an Islamic government and his critique of Khomeini’s theory of wilāyat al-faqīh. The chapter also highlights Shams Al-Din’s formulation of the concept of civil government within a multi-confessional nation-state in which a civil form of Islam could fulfill a public role.

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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farah W. Kawtharani
    • 1
  1. 1.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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