The 4E Emotion

  • Victoria OrangeEmail author


In this chapter, the Emotion complex adaptive system is described and it is shown how it can be a part of the interaction supercomplex adaptive system. It is described and defined in terms of its main components, namely emotional state, level of consciousness of emotions and volonté, a French term that is similar to desire or willingness, and its role in the supercomplex adaptive system is outlined. This role mainly concerns the strong influence it has on the outcomes of interaction, the potential ‘success’ of interaction, in the sense of interactants reaching their interaction goals. This 4E is closely linked to motivation and is a key leverage for educational purposes in that it constitutes the affect part of the interaction supercomplex adaptive system.


Emotion Emotional state Level of consciousness of emotions Volonté Motivation 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Language and Global StudiesUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK

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