Advertisement

Lebanon: Civil Peace

  • Gijsbert M. van Iterson ScholtenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the visions of peace held by Lebanese civil society peace workers. The interviewees from Lebanon work on three visions of peace, none of which is a political goal per se. Rather, they stress the importance of civil peace (silim in Arabic): the quality of the relations between the different groups that make up Lebanese society. Or, moving even further away from peace as a political phenomenon, they say that they work on peace as a personal endeavour: what every individual can do to maintain peaceful interpersonal relations. The few peace workers who do have a political view of peace stress that they see peace primarily as a method (non-violent activism), with ‘justice’ as its goal.

References

  1. Adolf, A. (2009). Peace. A world history. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  2. Chenoweth, E. and K. G. Cunningham (2013). “Understanding nonviolent resistance: An introduction.” Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 271–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chenoweth, E. and M. J. Stephan (2011). Why civil resistance works: The strategic logic of nonviolent conflict. Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Cortright, D. (2015). Gandhi and beyond: Nonviolence for a new political age. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cunningham, D. E., K. S. Gleditsch, et al. (2017). “Words and deeds: From incompatibilities to outcomes in anti-government disputes.” Journal of Peace Research 54(4): 468–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. de Jong, A. (2012). “The Gaza Freedom Flotilla: Human rights, activism and academic neutrality.” Social Movement Studies 11(2): 193–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ghosn, F. and A. Khoury (2011). “Lebanon after the civil war: Peace or the illusion of peace?” The Middle East Journal 65(3): 381–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gilsenan, M. (1996). Lords of the Lebanese marches: Violence and narrative in an Arab society. University of California Press.Google Scholar
  9. International Crisis Group (2015). Lebanon’s self-defeating survival strategies. Middle East Report. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 160.Google Scholar
  10. Knudsen, A. J. and M. Kerr, Eds. (2012). Lebanon: After the cedar revolution. London: Hurst.Google Scholar
  11. Lederach, J. P. (1997). Building peace: Sustainable reconciliation in divided societies. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.Google Scholar
  12. Lteif, D. (2015). Mapping civil society organizations in Lebanon. Beirut: Beyond Research and Development.Google Scholar
  13. Mac Ginty, R. (2011). International peacebuilding and local resistance: Hybrid forms of peace. New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rapoport, A. (1992). Peace: An idea whose time has come. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  15. Rosiny, S. (2015). “A quarter century of ‘transitory power-sharing’. Lebanon’s Unfulfilled Ta’if Agreement of 1989 Revisited.” Civil Wars 17(4): 485–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sabaratnam, M. (2013). “Avatars of Eurocentrism in the critique of the liberal peace.” Security Dialogue 44(3): 259–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Salem, P. (2006). “The future of Lebanon.” Foreign Affairs 85(6): 13–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Setrakian, L. (2012). “It is what it is.” Latitude. New York: The New York Times.Google Scholar
  19. Sharp, G. (2012). From dictatorship to democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  20. Von Clausewitz, C. (1984 [1832]). On war. Indexed edition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Zakharia, Z. (2011). The role of education in peacebuilding. Lebanon case study. New York: United Nations Children’s Fund.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations