Research on Color, Luminance and Line Width of HUD Symbols

  • Yitian Li
  • Haiyan WangEmail author
  • Yafeng Niu
  • Yi Xie
  • Bingzheng Shi
  • Ruoyu Hu
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1026)


Head-up displays (HUDs) can improve pilots’ flight performance and efficiency. The pilot’s cognitive performance is affected by the physical characteristics of HUD, such as character color, luminance, line width, and word height. Through experimental means, by taking contrast sensitivity as a measurement method, and the reaction time as the indicators. We made a comparison of the color and luminance of foreground characters in different sky background samples. The experiment showed that HUD has a better cognitive performance of the character color HSB value (120° 99% 33%) during the daytime, the modulation contrast between foreground luminance and background luminance should be greater than 0.5. The character height of HUD should be greater than 5.84 mrad, and the stroke line width should be greater than 0.73 mrad, which provides a scientific reference for the color design of the HUD interface.


Head-up display Modulation contrast Contrast sensitivity Luminance Color design Line width 



This work was supported jointly by Science and Technology on Electro-optic Control Laboratory and Aerospace Science Foundation of China (No. 20165169017), SAST Foundation of China (SAST No. 2016010), Equipment Pre research & Ministry of education of China Joint fund, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (No. 2242019k1G023).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yitian Li
    • 1
  • Haiyan Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yafeng Niu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yi Xie
    • 1
  • Bingzheng Shi
    • 3
  • Ruoyu Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Science and Technology on Electro-Optic Control LaboratoryLuoyangChina
  3. 3.Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight TechnologyShanghaiChina

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