Half Scale Dress Forms from 3D Body Scans in Active Poses

  • Arzu VuruskanEmail author
  • Susan Ashdown
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1026)


Sport is highly competitive, and there is a continual search for ways to improve performance. A good fit and comfort provided by activewear will be factors in performance, but providing good fit for the active position is challenging. This exploratory research is focused on creating half scale forms in active poses to facilitate activewear design, pattern making and fit testing. Digital data obtained from 3D body scanning in the active pose was reconstructed to create a valid body form as the basis for producing precise half scale body forms.


Half scale body forms 3D body scanning Activewear Apparel Fit Design 


  1. 1.
    The NPD Group: The Casualization of American Apparel: Will the Athleisure Trend Stay or Go? (2018)
  2. 2.
    Labat, K.L., Delong, M.R.: Body cathexis and satisfaction with fit of apparel. Clot. Tex. Res. J. 8(2), 43–48 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gill, S.: Body scanning and its influence on garment development. In: Hayes, S.G., Venkatraman, B. (eds.) Materials and Technology for Sportswear and Performance Apparel, pp. 311–325. CRC Press, New York (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Watkins, S.M., Dunne, L.E.: Functional Clothing Design: From Sportswear to Spacesuits. Fairchild Books, Bloomsbury Publishing, New York (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ashdown, S.: Improving body movement comfort in apparel. In: Song, G. (ed.) Improving Comfort in Clothing. The Textile Institute, pp. 278–302. Woodhead Publishing (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ashdown, S., Vuruskan, A.: From 3D scans to haptic models: apparel design with half scale dress forms. In: 8th 3DBody.Tech Conference & Expo on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, pp. 31–41. Hometrica Consulting, Switzerland (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ashdown, S., Devine, C., Barker, T., Forker-Ruoff, J. Cegindir, N.: Development of half scale forms for the apparel industry. In: ITAA 2014 Annual Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gully, R.: Cognition and process vs. design artifact in fashion design pedagogy. Cumulus Working Papers, Melbourne, pp. 40–45, Aalto University (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vuruskan, A., Ashdown, S.: Modeling of half scale human bodies in active body positions for apparel design and testing. Int. J. Clot. Sci. Tech. 29(6), 807–821 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vuruskan, A., Ashdown, S.: Reimagining design of golf clothing: addressing the asymmetrical pose. In: 8th 3DBody.Tech Conference & Expo on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, pp. 113–119. Hometrica Consulting, Switzerland (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vuruskan, A., Ashdown, S.: Fit analyses of bicycle clothing in active body poses. In: ITAA 2016 Annual Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Daanen, H., Psikuta, A.: 3D body scanning. In: Rajkishore, N., Padhye, E. (eds.) Automation in Garment Manufacturing. The Textile Institute, pp. 237–252. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    O’Sullivan, G., Hanlon, C., Spaaij, R., Westerbeek, H.: Women’s activewear trends and drivers: a systematic review. J. Fash. Mark. Man. 21(1), 2–15 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fashion and Textile DesignIzmir University of EconomicsIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Fiber Science and Apparel DesignCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

Personalised recommendations