Dynamic Risk Factors of Violent and Sexually Violent Offenders

  • Ruud H. J. HornsveldEmail author
  • Floris W. Kraaimaat
  • Kevin L. Nunes
  • Emma J. Palmer
Part of the Advances in Preventing and Treating Violence and Aggression book series (APTVA)


This chapter first deals with the dynamic risk factors of violent offenders, followed by the differences in these factors between violent detainees and violent forensic psychiatric patients with a cluster B personality disorder. Based on these dynamic risk factors, a heuristic model is presented for the maintenance of aggressive behavior, followed by suggestions for the assessment and treatment of violent offenders. Then, the dynamic risk factors of sexually violent offenders are described. Two heuristic models are presented for the maintenance of sexually aggressive behavior, one in rapists and one in child sexual abusers. The two models result in suggestions for the assessment and treatment of sexually violent offenders. Finally, general conclusions are drawn.


Aggressive behavior Sexually aggressive behavior Dynamic risk factors Offenders Forensic psychiatric patients 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruud H. J. Hornsveld
    • 1
    Email author
  • Floris W. Kraaimaat
    • 2
  • Kevin L. Nunes
    • 3
  • Emma J. Palmer
    • 4
  1. 1.Erasmus University Medical CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Radboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Carleton UniversityOttawaCanada
  4. 4.University of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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