PV/T Principles and Design

  • Ali H. A. Al-Waeli
  • Hussein A. Kazem
  • Miqdam Tariq Chaichan
  • Kamaruzzaman Sopian


The core of the book is to explain the theory and applications of Photovoltaic Thermal (PV/T) collectors which is provided in this chapter. The concepts and components of PV/T are illustrated as well as energy efficiency calculations. The case for using PV/T collectors is stated and followed by the rationale in terms of the combined efficiency per unit area and the cost-effectiveness of this technology. An overview with description of the chronology of PV/T and classifications is provided. In addition, the main aim and various design considerations were discussed for optimum design and testing of PV/T systems. Electrical and thermal analysis of PV/T collectors for different parameters was investigated through a brief literature review. While extensive literature review was carried out to explain the various aspects of passive PV cooling systems and different classifications of PV/T collectors which include air-based, water-based, air- and water-based, refrigerant-based PV/T collectors, a breakdown of the various passage flow configurations of PV/T absorbers and geometries is provided as well. The research methodologies in PV/T literature are introduced from different research works throughout the literature. Finally, the energy and exergy analysis of typical PV/T collectors is provided.


Photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) Air-based PV/T Water-based PV/T Bifacial PV/T Exergy analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali H. A. Al-Waeli
    • 1
  • Hussein A. Kazem
    • 2
  • Miqdam Tariq Chaichan
    • 3
  • Kamaruzzaman Sopian
    • 1
  1. 1.Solar Energy Research InstituteUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringSohar UniversitySoharOman
  3. 3.Energy and Renewable Energies Technology CenterUniversity of TechnologyBaghdadIraq

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