Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Systemic Mastocytosis
Gastrointestinal involvement is common in patients with systemic mastocytosis, and it is important to be able to recognize and characterize the various GI symptoms that these patients often experience. Through a systematic approach to the history taking, physical exam, and diagnostic testing, GI symptoms in systemic mastocytosis can be attributed to mast cell activation, mast cell infiltration, or other primary GI disorders or diseases unrelated to the mastocytosis. Following this approach, specific treatments can be tried or titrated to reach the desired effect of relief of symptoms and prevention of complications.
KeywordsMastocytosis Gastrointestinal Tryptase Cromolyn Endoscopy Colonoscopy Motility Malabsorption Portal hypertension
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