Examining Female Membership and Leadership of Legislative Committees in Jordan
The recent increase in female political representation in the parliaments of the Middle East and North Africa has prompted significant interest among scholars and policymakers. While research examining the dynamics of women’s numerical presence has proliferated, studies examining the role of female legislators within these bodies remain scarce. To bridge this gap, this chapter focuses on one of the most understudied aspects in MENA’s legislatures: female committee assignments. We are particularly interested in understanding the dynamics of female deputies’ committee leadership and membership in the Jordanian lower chamber. This chapter analyzes variations in women’s committee assignments since the introduction of the gender quota in 2003 using original legislative data supplemented by qualitative interviews and legislator-level data.
KeywordsJordan Female legislators Committee memberships Committee leadership Vertical segregation Horizontal segregation
- Abou-Zeid, G. (1998). In search of political power: Women in parliament in Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon. In A. Karam (Ed.), Women in Parliament: Beyond numbers (pp. 43–54). International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance: Stockholm.Google Scholar
- Abu Rumman, H. (2003). Qirra’a Awaliyya fil-Intikhabat al-Niyabiyya al-Urduniyya (A preliminary reading of Jordan’s Parliamentary Elections). Civil Society Issues. Amman: New Jordan Center for Studies.Google Scholar
- Al-Attiyat, I. (2005). Participation in public life and its impact on women in Jordan. In N. H. Zander (Ed.), Building democracy in Jordan: Women’s political participation, political party life, and democratic elections (pp. 25–66). IDEA: Stockholm.Google Scholar
- Amawi, A. (2007). Against all odds: Women candidates in Jordanian elections. In V. M. Moghadam (Ed.), From patriarchy to empowerment (pp. 40–57). Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
- Aparicio, F. J., & Langston, J. (2009). Committee leadership selection without seniority: The Mexican case (Documento de Trabajo No. 217). Mexico City: CIDE.Google Scholar
- Carroll, S. J. (2008). Committee assignments: Discrimination or choice? In B. Reingold (Ed.), Legislative women: Getting elected, getting ahead (pp. 135–156). Lynne Rienner: Boulder, CO.Google Scholar
- Dahlerup, D. (2009). Women in Arab parliaments: Can gender quotas contribute to democratization? Al-Raida, 126(27), 2–38.Google Scholar
- Darcy, R. (1996). Women in the state legislative power structure: Committee chairs. Social Science Quarterly, 77(4), 888–898.Google Scholar
- Fenno, R. (1973). Congressmen in Committees. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
- Freedom House. (2018). Jordan. https://freedomhouse.org/country/jordan. Accessed 10 November 2018.
- Gandhi, J. (2009). Political institutions under dictatorship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Geddes, B. (2005). Why parties and elections in authoritarian regimes? Paper presented at the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Inter-Parliamentary Union. (2018). Women in National Parliaments. http://archive.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm. Accessed 10 November 2018.
- Jordan Parliament. (2017). The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: The Parliament. http://parliament.jo/. Accessed December 2018.
- Jordan Politics. (2019). Nariman Ahmad Zuhair al-Rusan. http://jordanpolitics.org. Accessed 11 June 2019.
- Krehbiel, K., Shepsle, K. A., & Weingast, B. R. (1987). Why are congressional committees powerful? American Political Science Association, 81(3), 925–945.Google Scholar
- Moghadam, V. (2014). Democratization and women’s political leadership in North Africa. Journal of International Affairs, 68(1), 59–78.Google Scholar
- Ryan, C. R. (2010). Déjà vu all over again? Jordan’s 2010 elections. Foreign Policy. https://foreignpolicy.com/2010/11/15/deja-vu-all-over-again-jordans-2010-elections/. Accessed 11 June 2019.
- Sabbagh, A. (2007). Overview of women’s political representation in the Arab region: Opportunities and challenges. The Arab quota report: Selected case studies (pp. 7–18). IDEA: Stockholm.Google Scholar
- Shalaby, M., & Elimam, L. (2017). Arab women in the legislative process. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. http://carnegieendowment.org/sada/68780. Accessed 10 November 2018.
- Shalaby, M., & Elimam, L. (Forthcoming). Women in legislative committees in Arab parliaments. Journal of Comparative Politics. Google Scholar
- The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: The Parliament. (2018). http://Secretary.parliament.jo/. Accessed November 2018.