Contrasting Women’s Rights in the Maghreb and the Middle East Constitutions
This chapter looks at how the Maghreb countries (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) have adopted significantly more women’s rights provisions in their constitutions compared with the countries in the Middle East. It attributes these differences to the presence of unified legal systems in the Maghreb; strategies of the political elite in attempting to neutralize Islamic extremism in the Maghreb; political party strategies, especially among leading Islamist parties in recent years; and the role of women’s movements, which collaborated across countries.
KeywordsMaghreb Middle East Constitutions Unified legal systems Sharia law
- Ahmed, D. I., & Gouda, M. (2015). Measuring constitutional Islamization: The Islamic constitutions index. Hastings International and Comparative Law Review, 38(1), 1–74.Google Scholar
- Dahlerup, D. (2017). Has democracy failed women?. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Engelcke, D. (2014). Processes of family law reform: Legal and societal change and continuity in Morocco and Jordan (DPhil). St Antony’s College, Oxford University.Google Scholar
- Liebesny, H. J. (1975). The law of the Near and Middle East: Readings, cases and materials. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
- Maktabi, R. (2012). The politicization of the demos in the Middle East: Citizenship between membership and participation in the state (PhD thesis). University of Oslo.Google Scholar
- Mayer, A. E. (1995). Reform of personal status laws in North Africa: A problem of Islamic or Mediterranean laws? Middle East Journal, 49, 432–446.Google Scholar
- Salime, Z. (2012). A new feminism? Gender dynamics in Morocco’s february 20th movement. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 13(5), 101–114.Google Scholar
- Sharia Source. (2016). The dissolution of Sharīʿa in the 1965 Moroccan Court unification law. Shariasourceblog. Available from https://shariasource.blog/2016/12/16/the-dissolution-of-shari%CA%BFa-in-the-1965-moroccan-court-unification-law/.
- Warrick, C. (2009). Law in the service of legitimacy: Gender and politics in Jordan. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge.Google Scholar