The Center: A Theoretical Framework for Understanding Women’s Rights in Pre- and Post-Arab Spring North Africa
This chapter presents ‘The Center’ as a theoretical framework within which the post-Arab Spring emerging (feminist) voices may be understood. Polyvocal, leaderless and using new styles of communication, the post-Arab Spring voices do not seek power but seek to defy the State and push it to address the hitherto ‘taboo’ topics such as sexual harassment, language (Amazigh) rights and individual freedom. These voices do not identify as feminist but tend to believe in equality. Contextualizing these voices within a historical framing of women’s rights discourses in North Africa, the chapter highlights gender as an omnipresent factor in the crafting of the pre- and postcolonial North African (political) national discourses. Indeed women’s rights were heavily instrumentalized and hyper-politicized in the colonial and postcolonial periods, often operating across ideological lines, and continue to do so within the Center framework.
KeywordsFeminisms Secularism Islamism The Center New voices Post-Arab Spring
- Abbott, P., Teti, A., & Sapsford, R. (2017). Youth and the Arab uprisings: The story of the rising tide. The Arab transformations. Aberdeen: The University of Aberdeen Press. https://doi.org/10.13140/rg.2.2.34963.17445.
- Abu-Lughod, L. (Ed.). (1998). Remaking women: Feminism and modernity in the Middle East. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Al-Hajoui, M. (Reprinted in 1995). al-Fikr al-Sami fi tarikh al-Fiqh al-Islami (Noble thinking in the history of Islamic thought). Beirut: Dar al-Kutun al’ilmiyyah.Google Scholar
- Bourdieu, P., & Wacquant, L. (1992). An invitation to reflexive sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Dahlerup, D. (2013). Disruption, continuity and waves in the feminist movement. In S. Maddison & M. Sawer (Eds.), The women’s movement in protest, institutions and the internet (pp. 20–36). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Daoud, Z. (1993). Féminisme et politique au Maghreb. Soixante ans de lutte. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose.Google Scholar
- Darhour, H. (2008). Women’s political empowerment: Implications of the use of a gender quota in the Moroccan parliament (PhD dissertation), Morocco.Google Scholar
- Elfatih, A. (2015). The Arab Spring: Its origins, evolution and consequences … four years on. Intellectual Discourse, 23(1), 119–139.Google Scholar
- Ennaji, M. (2013). Arab women’s unfinished revolution. In The project syndicate. http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/women-in-politics-after-the-arab-spring-by-moha-ennaji. Accessed 21 November 2018.
- Gertel, J., & Hexel, R. (Eds.). (2018). Coping with uncertainty: Youth in the Middle East and North Africa. London: Saqi Books.Google Scholar
- Herb, M. (2014). The people want to fall of the regime … or not: Explaining the diffusion of the Arab Spring. Georgia State University.Google Scholar
- Langhor, V. (2014). Labor movements and organizations. In M. Lynch (Ed.), The Arab uprisings explained. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
- Lynch, M. (2013). The Arab uprising: The unfinished revolutions of the New Middle East. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
- Moghadam, V. (1993). Modernizing women: Gender and social change in the Middle East (Women and change in the developing world). Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
- Mulderig, C. (2013). An uncertain future: Youth frustration and the Arab Spring (The Pardee Papers No. 16). Boston University.Google Scholar
- Sadiqi, F. (Ed.). (2016). Women’s movements in the post-“Arab Spring” North Africa. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Sadiqi, F. (Forthcoming). Daesh ideology and the gender challenge. An Insider Perspective (Under review).Google Scholar
- Sadiqi, F., Nouaira, A., El Khouly, A., & Ennaji, M. (2009). Women writing Africa: The Northern region. New York: The Feminist Press.Google Scholar
- Schäfer, I. (Ed.). (2015). Youth, revolt, recognition: The young generation during and after the “Arab Spring”. Berlin: Mittelmeer Institute Berlin.Google Scholar