Industrial Reform, Progressivism, and Socialism

  • Niels Eichhorn


The nineteenth century was an era of ideologues whose ideas and writings dramatically changed the human condition, political relationships, and economic theories. Intellectual figures, like Giuseppe Mazzini, laid out arguments for national identities and constitutional government, and others like Joseph Ernest Renan provided problematic foundations for race theory. Arguably, no other nineteenth-century figure altered the world more than Karl Marx with his theories on economic dislocation, class conflict, and socio-political revolution. Published in 1848, the Communist Manifesto, co-authored with Friedrich Engels, laid the foundation for a revolutionary revision on the political left and the modern industrial society.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niels Eichhorn
    • 1
  1. 1.Middle Georgia State UniversityMaconUSA

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