Henry Sylvester Williams’s Black Atlantic
For many Africans, the nineteenth century was a transformative period. Depending on their location, they gained their freedom either as early as the 1790s or as late as the 1880s; however, freedom did not always mean political, economic, or social freedom. When slavery ended in the British Empire in 1838, plantation owners received compensation for their lost property, but slaves received no compensation for the lifetime of toil and suffering.
- Sherwood, Marika. Origins of Pan-Africanism: Henry Sylvester Williams, Africa and the African Diaspora. New York: Routledge, 2011.Google Scholar