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Psychological Assessment and Behavioral Management of Spine Pain

  • Ronald J. KulichEmail author
  • Ellen S. Patterson
  • María F. Hernández-Nuño de la Rosa
  • Matthew Roselli
  • Kelly M. Wawrzyniak
Chapter

Abstract

Current data supporting the psychological assessment and treatment of acute and chronic spine pain are reviewed, with specific attention to the practical management of patients with complex pain disorders. Strategies for assessing risk factors are addressed, including common psychiatric comorbidities of anxiety, depression, disability, and substance use disorders. Brief assessment instruments are described with specific attention to their utility in clinical practice. Screening and management of special conditions are addressed, including patients presenting for neurostimulation and spinal fusion. An overview of commonly used behavioral treatments is provided, including cognitive therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness meditation, and operant pain rehabilitation approaches. Strategies for addressing fear-avoidance, catastrophizing, and somatic concern are reviewed. Considerations for special populations are discussed including patients presenting with the use of chronic opioids, marked somatization, and work-related injuries. Conclusions underscore the benefits of applying a biopsychosocial model of assessment and treatment of pain conditions and the importance of reducing barriers to psychological care.

Keywords

Behavioral Cognitive therapy Operant Work disability Opioids Neuromodulation Fusion Assessment Chronic pain Somatization Biopsychosocial Exercise 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald J. Kulich
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ellen S. Patterson
    • 3
  • María F. Hernández-Nuño de la Rosa
    • 4
  • Matthew Roselli
    • 5
  • Kelly M. Wawrzyniak
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic SciencesTufts University School of Dental MedicineMedfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain MedicineMassachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical SchoolCharlestownUSA
  3. 3.Department of Comprehensive CareTufts University School of Dental MedicineBostonUSA
  4. 4.Orofacial Pain Training Program, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial PainMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  5. 5.Department of Behavioral HealthBoston Pain Care CenterWalthamUSA
  6. 6.Tufts University School of Dental MedicineBostonUSA
  7. 7.Department of Behavioral MedicineBoston Pain Care CenterWalthamUSA

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