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Exogenous Glycinebetaine-Mediated Modulation of Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: Possible Mechanisms

  • Tianpeng Zhang
  • Xinghong YangEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Glycinebetaine (GB) is one of the most studied and effective compatible solutes, and the exogenous application of GB can improve the tolerance of numerous plant species to various types of abiotic stresses, such as low temperature, high temperature, salt, drought and heavy metals, thereby enhancing subsequent growth and yield. In this chapter, we summarize our understanding of the research on exogenous GB under abiotic stress as an adaptive mechanism, with particular emphasis on the new insights into the molecular and physiological mechanisms involved in the exogenous GB-mediated modulation of abiotic stress tolerance in plants.

Keywords

Glycinebetaine Exogenous application Abiotic stress Antioxidative defence Photosynthetic machinery Plant hormones Gene expression 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31470341, 31870216) and the State Key Basic Research and Development Plan of China (2015CB150105).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Agricultural UniversityTaianChina

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