A Snapshot of a Short Occupation in the Abric Romaní Rock Shelter: Archaeo-Level Oa

  • Amèlia Bargalló
  • Maria Joana Gabucio
  • Bruno Gómez de Soler
  • M. Gema Chacón
  • Manuel Vaquero
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)


After deconstructing the palimpsest of level O, we present a cross-disciplinary study on a short occupation of the Abric Romaní rock shelter conducted by means of an analysis of the record of archaeo-level Oa, a Middle Palaeolithic assemblage dated to ca. 54 Ka BP by U/Th series.

In this study, we present the steps we took to puzzle out the palimpsest of level O and identify a short-term occupation in archaeo-level Oa. Occupational patterns are identified based on anthropogenic accumulations, archaeological accumulations consisting of stone artefacts (1496 remains), faunal remains (486 remains) and hearths (n = 11). The relationship between them has been established through refit analysis. The small occupation surfaces (55 m2 of the 209 m2 palaeo-floor of archaeo-level Oa) and the results obtained (fragmented knapping activities, isolated accumulations and differential transport of lithic remains) suggest short-term occupation settlements in archaeo-level Oa.


Middle Palaeolithic Short occupation Technological analysis Lithic refits Spatial analysis 



The authors offer special thanks to Andrea Picin and João Cascalheira for their invitation to participate in the special issue on ‘Short-term occupations in Paleolithic Archaeology’.

This research has been funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad through projects CGL2016-80000-P and CGL2015-65387-C3-1-P (MINECO/FEDER), HAR2016-76760-C3-1-P, and by the Generalitat de Catalunya, projects no. 2017 SGR 1040, 2017 SGR 836, SGR2014SGR2017-8 59 and SGR2014SGR2017-836 (AGAUR). AB is a beneficiary of the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Action grant agreement PREKARN no. 702584. BGS, MGC and MV’s research is funded by ‘CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya’.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amèlia Bargalló
    • 1
  • Maria Joana Gabucio
    • 2
  • Bruno Gómez de Soler
    • 3
    • 4
  • M. Gema Chacón
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Manuel Vaquero
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Archaeology, University College of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Independent ResearchTarragonaSpain
  3. 3.IPHES, Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució SocialTarragonaSpain
  4. 4.Area de PrehistoriaUniversitat Rovira i Virgili (URV)TarragonaSpain
  5. 5.Histoire Naturelle de l’Homme Préhistorique – HNHP – UMR 7194 (CNRS - MNHN - UPVD - Sorbonne Université)ParisFrance

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