Optical Fiber Sensors for Dam and Levee Monitoring and Damage Detection

  • Daniele InaudiEmail author


Optical fiber sensors can be used advantageously for monitoring dams and levees and to detect and localize damage in them. This technology is relatively new, but in the last 20 years numerous applications have been successfully carried out in dams, dykes and levees worldwide. There are two main usage scenarios for optical fiber sensing technology. Some sensors replace conventional, e.g. vibrating wire, sensors with equivalent optical versions. In this case the main benefits come from their immunity to electromagnetic interference—such as lightning strikes or power lines—and the possibility to use cables of up to several km long to connect the sensors and the readout units. The second main application of optical fiber sensing relies on the use of distributed sensors. Those sensors can measure strain and temperature every meter along a cable that can reach several km in length. This enables detecting and localizing undesired events such as leaks or cracks that produce a local change of strain or temperature. In this chapter we will introduce the different optical fiber sensing technologies and corresponding sensors. Several applications example will illustrate the abovementioned use scenarios.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SMARTEC SAMannoSwitzerland

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