Transcultural adoption in Samoa (and in sport)
This chapter seeks a general explanation of cultural transfer and change that can account for how Samoans altered cricket’s method and meaning. Historians of sport have for several decades relied on the idea of transcultural diffusion to explain these processes. This notion fails to capture the complexity inherent in sporting encounters, however, such that we need to move beyond diffusion. The chapter hence turns to notions of ‘mixing’, notably transculturation. Such ‘mixing’ was not limited to cricket, of course; as with other colonised peoples, Samoans frequently adapted introduced ideas and practices. Far from representing an isolated example, therefore, cricket’s fate is instead indicative of a more general Samoan capacity for transculturation—as well as a product of distinctive historical circumstances.