Physical Foundations of Special Relativity

  • Antonio RomanoEmail author
  • Mario Mango Furnari


In this chapter the two milestones on which Einstein based the special theory of relativity (see [42]) are presented: the principle of optical isotropy and the principle of special relativity. Further, we describe how the contradictions emerging from the efforts carried out to unify the theories of electrodynamics and mechanics were solved in a new physical framework. In this framework, time plays a role completely different from the role it had in classical mechanics. The special and general Lorentz transformations are presented, and many of their important physical consequences are discussed.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Matematica e Applicazioni “Renato Caccioppoli”Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Istituto di CiberneticaNaplesItaly

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