Advertisement

Modelling the Edge Crushing Performance of Corrugated Fibreboard Under Different Moisture Content Levels

  • Aiman JamsariEmail author
  • Andrew Nevins
  • Celia Kueh
  • Eli Gray-Stuart
  • Karl Dahm
  • John Bronlund
Conference paper
Part of the Mechanisms and Machine Science book series (Mechan. Machine Science, volume 75)

Abstract

This paper investigates the strength performance of corrugated fibreboard (CFB) under different moisture content levels through edge crush test (ECT) and developing a finite element (FE) model to simulate the response of ECT. The study started by conducting tensile and compressive test at different moisture content levels on the paper components that made up the CFB. Next, the ECT test of the CFB at different moisture levels were conducted. To simulate the response of ECT, an FE model that assumes an orthotropic shell element behavior of CFB was developed. The FE model uses the tensile and compressive data of the paper components at different moisture content levels as the input parameters. The results of the experiment and FE model shows good agreement of the ECT at different moisture content levels. This study proves that modelling the strength of CFB in harsh environment can be done by properly reducing the material properties of its paper components in the input parameters of the FE model.

Keywords

Corrugated fibreboard Edge crush Strength 

References

  1. 1.
    Association FB: Fibre Box Handbook. Fibre Box Association (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Biancolini, M.: Evaluation of equivalent stiffness properties of corrugated board. Compos. Struct. 69(3), 322–328 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Markstrom, H.: Testing Methods and Instruments for Corrugated Boards. Lorentz and Wettre, Kista, Sweden (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    McKee, R., Gander, J., Wachuta, J.: Compression strength formula for corrugated boxes. Paperboard Packag. 48(8), 149–159 (1963)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fadiji, T., Berry, T., Coetzee, C.J., Opara, L.: Investigating the mechanical properties of paperboard packaging material for handling fresh produce under different environmental conditions: Experimental analysis and finite element modelling. J. Appl. Packag. Res. 9(2), 3 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Navaranjan, N., Dickson, A., Paltakari, J., Ilmonen, K.: Humidity effect on compressive deformation and failure of recycled and virgin layered corrugated paperboard structures. Compos. B Eng. 45(1), 965–971 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Urbanik, T.: Effect of corrugated flute shape on fibreboard edgewise crush strength and bending stiffness. J. Pulp Pap. Sci. 27(10), 330–335 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kline, J.E.: Paper and Paperboard: Manufacturing and Converting Fundamentals. Backbeat Books (1991)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Allaoui, S., Aboura, Z., Benzeggagh, M.: Effects of the environmental conditions on the mechanical behaviour of the corrugated cardboard. Compos. Sci. Technol. 69(1), 104–110 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Greenspan, L.: Humidity fixed points of binary saturated aqueous solutions. J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 81(1), 89–96 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Åslund, P.E., Hägglund, R., Carlsson, L.A., Isaksson, P.: Modeling of global and local buckling of corrugated board panels loaded in edge-to-edge compression. J. Sandw. Struct. Mater. 16(3), 272–292 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gooren, L.: Creasing Behaviour of Corrugated Board. Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baum, G.A., Habeger Jr, C.C., Fleischman Jr, E.H.: Measurement of the Orthotropic Elastic Constants of Paper (1982)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Aboura, Z., Talbi, N., Allaoui, S., Benzeggagh, M.: Elastic behavior of corrugated cardboard: experiments and modeling. Compos. Struct. 63(1), 53–62 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baum, G.A.: The Elastic Properties of Paper: A Review (1985)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Harrysson, A., Ristinmaa, M.: Large strain elasto-plastic model of paper and corrugated board. Int. J. Solids Struct. 45(11–12), 3334–3352 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2008.01.031. [Published Online First: Epub Date]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Haj-Ali, R., Choi, J., Wei, B.-S., Popil, R., Schaepe, M.: Refined nonlinear finite element models for corrugated fiberboards. Compos. Struct. 87(4), 321–333 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Allansson, A., Svärd, B.: Stability and Collapse of Corrugated Board-Numerical and Experimental Analysis (2001)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Beldie, L.: Mechanics of paperboard packages–performance at short term static loading. Licentiate Dissertation, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (2001)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nordstrand, T.: On buckling loads for edge-loaded orthotropic plates including transverse shear. Compos. Struct. 65(1), 1–6 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Biancolini, M.E., Brutti, C., Porziani, S.: Experimental characterisation of paper for corrugated board. In: Proceedings of Sixth International Symposium: Moisture and Creep Effects on Paper, Board and Containers, Madison, Wisconsin, USA (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aiman Jamsari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrew Nevins
    • 2
  • Celia Kueh
    • 1
  • Eli Gray-Stuart
    • 1
  • Karl Dahm
    • 3
  • John Bronlund
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Engineering and Advanced TechnologyMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  2. 2.Bega Cheese LimitedBegaAustralia
  3. 3.Callaghan InnovationLower HuttNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations