Prospect of Using Nano Particles in Compatible Water for EOR Application

  • M. Al-SamhanEmail author
  • F. Jasim
  • F. Al-Attar
  • J. AL-Fadhli
Conference paper
Part of the Mechanisms and Machine Science book series (Mechan. Machine Science, volume 75)


When different waters are mixed, it is necessary to evaluate their compatibility prior to the injection into the reservoir. The individual waters may be quite stable under all system conditions and present no scale deposition problems. However, once they are mixed, the reaction between ions dissolved in the individual waters may form insoluble products that cause permeability damage in the near wellbore area. In addition, the properties and composition of contaminants in produced water vary considerably in different geological formations. Many studies are currently focusing on adding Nano Particles (NP’s) to the injected water to enhance its characteristics that consequently maximize oil recovery by increasing wettability or decreasing Interfacial Tension (IFT). The most commonly used nano particles for water flooding are Aluminium oxide (Al2O3) and other metal oxides, the selection of the suitable NP depends on the water mixture and the reservoir rock properties. This paper will cover compatible water preparation and analysis, in addition description of NP’s and their expected effect on enhance oil recovery.


Nano particles Water injection Water compatibility Scale 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Al-Samhan
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Jasim
    • 1
  • F. Al-Attar
    • 1
  • J. AL-Fadhli
    • 1
  1. 1.Petroleum Research CenterKuwait Institute for Scientific ResearchSafatKuwait

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