Numerical Modeling of Bridge Piers Scouring Flow Patterns

  • Mahdi Alemi
  • João Pedro Pêgo
  • Rodrigo MaiaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Mechanisms and Machine Science book series (Mechan. Machine Science, volume 75)


Numerical models, compared to the physical models, provide real-scale predictions and are cost-effective. However, the reliability of the numerical results depends on how the governing equations are mathematically solved. This paper summarizes details of a numerical model, developed under the scope of the study of bridge piers local scour, which can be applied in different river engineering applications. The paper reports applications of the numerical model, namely the prediction of the turbulent flow behavior around (i) a single bridge pier, (ii) a compound pier (a circular pier on a circular foundation) and (iii) a complex bridge pier (a pile-supported pier) on a scoured bed: case (i) and (iii) at the equilibrium stage and case (ii) at an intermediate stage of the local scour hole development process. The corresponding numerical results are in good agreement with those obtained from referenced experimental and numerical data. Further, concerning the complex bridge pier case, the study results go beyond the background knowledge available for this case.


Numerical modeling River engineering Bridge piers Scoured bed 



The authors thank FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal for the funding to this research with project reference UID/Multi/04423/2019.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de Engenharia, Departmento de Engenharia CivilUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal

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