Historical Context of Governance and Human Rights in Africa

  • Michael Gyan Nyarko
  • Michael Addaney
  • Elsabé Boshoff


Africa in the twenty-first century is what may be termed a “mixed bag”. While the continent continues to face many challenges, including underdevelopment, lack of accountability and good governance, as well as access to basic amenities and security challenges, much progress has also been made in the last two decades which means that the continent is a very different place from what it was at the beginning of the century. This chapter provides a particular selection of issues with which scholars from across Africa are grappling as we approach the third decade of the twenty-first century. It sets the historical foundation for the rest of the chapters covering the continent as a whole, as well as perspectives from West, East and Southern Africa.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Gyan Nyarko
    • 1
  • Michael Addaney
    • 2
  • Elsabé Boshoff
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Human RightsUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Research Institute of Environmental Law, Wuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  3. 3.Technical Assistant, African Commission on Human and Peoples’ RightsBanjulThe Gambia

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