Investigation of Indoor Air Quality in the Selected Ukraine Classroom – Case Study

  • P. Kapalo
  • H. KlymenkoEmail author
  • V. Zhelykh
  • M. Adamski
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 47)


When reconstructing existing school buildings and building new buildings, great emphasis is placed on increasing their thermal resistance and reducing air tightness. The consequence of these modifications is the reduction of heat flow through the building structure, as well as minimization of uncontrolled ventilation by infiltration through building leaks. According to various studies conducted in the world, it can be said that the exchange of used air for fresh air has a huge impact on the mood of students in the classroom. As part of a research stay at the Lviv Polytechnic, measurements were made in the classroom to determine the air quality during the teaching. The classroom was selected in which measuring instruments were installed for measuring carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration and air temperature. During the measurements didactic classes took place in the classroom. In addition to the measurement of indoor air parameters, a subjective assessment of air quality was carried out using questionnaires. The students filled out the indoor air quality questionnaire at the beginning of their stay in the auditorium at the end of their stay. An assessment of air quality was carried out based on the measured air parameters and questionnaire ratings in the selected classroom.


Classroom Measurement Carbon dioxide (CO2Temperature Ventilation Questionnaire 



This article was elaborated in the framework of the project VEGA 1/0697/17. The article was written during a research stay at the National University “Lviv Polytechnic”.


  1. Abdel-Salam MMM (2019) Investigation of indoor air quality at urban schools in Qatar. Indoor Built Environ 28(2):278–288. ISSN: 1420326XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker R, Goldberger I, Paciuk M (2007) Improving energy performance of school buildings while ensuring indoor air quality ventilation. Build Environ 42(9):3261–3276. ISSN: 0360-1323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carlos JS (2017) The impact of refurbished windows on Portuguese old school buildings. Architect Eng Des Manag 13(3):185–201. Scholar
  4. Ghaddar N, Ghali K, Chehaitly S (2011) Assessing thermal comfort of active people in transitional spaces in presence of air movement. Energy Build 43(10):2832–2842. Scholar
  5. Han DH, Kim S, Choi JH, Kim YS, Chung HS, Jeong H, Choi SO, Watjanatepin N, Ruangpattanawiwat Ch (2018) Experimental study on thermal buoyancy-induced natural ventilation. Energy Build 177:1–11. ISSN: 0378-7788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hooff T, Blocken B, Hensen JLM, Timmermans HJP (2014) On the predicted effectiveness of climate adaptation measures for residential buildings. Build Environ 82:300–316. Scholar
  7. Hou YF, Liu JJ, Li JY (2015) Investigation of indoor air quality in primary school classrooms. Procedia Eng 121(2015):830–837. Scholar
  8. Chen Y, Tong Z, Malkawi A (2017) Investigating natural ventilation potentials across the globe: regional and climatic variations. Build Environ 122:386–396. Scholar
  9. Jovanovic M, Vucicevic B, Turanjanin V, Zivkovic M, Spasojevic V (2014) Investigation of indoor and outdoor air quality of the classrooms at a school in Serbia. Energy 77:42–48. Scholar
  10. Kapalo P, Meciarova L, Vilcekova S, Burdova EK, Domnita F, Bacotiu C, Peterfi KE (2019) Investigation of CO2 production depending on physical activity of students. Int J Environ Health Res 29(1):31–44. ISSN: 09603123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Karimipanah T, Awbi HB, Sandberg M, Blomqvist C (2007) Investigation of air quality, comfort parameters and effectiveness for two floor-level air supply systems in classrooms. Build Environ 42(2):647–655. Scholar
  12. Krawczyk DA, Rodero A, Gładyszewska-Fiedoruk K, Gajewski A (2016) CO2 concentration in naturally ventilated classrooms located in different climates – measurements and simulations. Energy Build 129:491–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Meciarova L, Vilcekova S, Kridlova Burdova E, Kapalo P, Mihalova N (2018) The real and subjective indoor environmental quality in schools. Int J Environ Health Res 28(1):102–123. ISSN: 09603123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Merema B, Delwati M, Sourbron M, Breesch H (2018) Demand controlled ventilation (DCV) in school and office buildings: lessons learnt from case studies. Energy Build 172:349–360. Scholar
  15. Schibuola L, Scarpa M, Tambani Ch (2016) Natural ventilation level assessment in a school building by CO2 concentration measures. Energy Procedia 101:257–264. Scholar
  16. Teleszewski T, Gładyszewska-Fiedoruk K (2018) Changes of carbon dioxide concentration in classrooms - simplified model and experimental verification. Pol J Environ Stud 27(5):2397–2403. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Kapalo
    • 1
  • H. Klymenko
    • 2
    Email author
  • V. Zhelykh
    • 2
  • M. Adamski
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Civil EngineeringTechnical University of KosiceKosiceSlovakia
  2. 2.Department Heat and Gas Supply and VentilationLviv Polytechnic National UniversityLvivUkraine
  3. 3.Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringBialystok University of TechnologyBialystokPoland

Personalised recommendations