Advertisement

Hot Asphalt Concrete with Application of Formaldehyde Modified Bitumen

  • Volodymyr Gunka
  • Iurii SidunEmail author
  • Serhiy Solodkyy
  • Nataliya Vytrykush
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 47)

Abstract

The chemical modification of oxidized bitumen BND 70/100 by formaldehyde, or rather its aqueous solution, formalin, was carried out for use in hot asphalt pavement technologies. The chemical modification conditions of bituminous binder by formaldehyde are given. There is shown considerably increases of the heat capacity (softening point) and adhesion properties (adhesion to glass) in the chemical modification process of oxidized bitumen by formaldehyde. The adhesion determining methods of binder with granite crushed stone and glass plates as variants of adhesive ability estimation of bitumen are given. It has been established that the modification by formalin in the amount of 10% by weight dramatically reduces the bitumen viscosity, so it showed necessary to carefully monitor the source bitumen and formalin ratio content during the modification. A hot dense fine-grained asphalt mix was selected. The influence of modified bitumen on physical and mechanical properties of asphalt concrete, such as water saturation, border compressive strength at 20 and 50 °C and the long-term water resistance coefficient after 15 days.

Keywords

Bitumen Chemical modification Formaldehyde Formalin Hot asphalt concrete 

References

  1. Pyshyev S, Grytsenko Y, Solodkyy S, Sidun I, Vollis O (2015) Using bitumen emulsions based on oxidated, distillation and modified oxidated bitumens for slurry seal production. Chem Chem Technol 9(3):359–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Nykypanchuk M, Hrynchuk Y, Pyshyev S, Gunka V, Grytsenko Y, Bratychak M (2016) Polymer modified bitumen: review. Chem Chem Technol 10(4):631–636Google Scholar
  3. Pyshyev S, Gunka V, Grytsenko Y, Shved M, Kochubei V (2017) Oil and gas processing products to obtain polymers modified bitumen. Int J Pavement Res Technol 10(4):289–296.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijprt.2017.05.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Zhu J, Birgisson B, Kringos N (2014) Polymer modification of bitumen: Adv Challenges Eur Polym J 54:18–38.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2014.02.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Nykypanchuk M, Hrynchuk Y, Olchovyk M (2013) Effect of modified bitumen on physico-mechanical properties of asphalt concrete. Chem Chem Technol 7(4):467–470.  https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht07.04.467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Demchuk Y, Sidun I, Gunka V, Pyshyev S, Solodkyy S (2018) Effect of phenol-cresol-formaldehyde resin on adhesive and physico-mechanical properties of road bitumen. Chem Chem Technol 12(4):456–461.  https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht12.04.456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Çubuk, M, Gürü, M, Çubuk, MК, Arslan, D (2014): Rheological properties and performance evaluation of phenol formaldehyde modified bitumen. J Mater Civ Eng, 26 (6).  https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7913527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Saha, SK, Suman, SK. (2017). Characterization of bakelite-modified bitumen. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, 2(3).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-017-0052-0
  9. Pyshyev S, Demchuk Y, Gunka V, Sidun I, Shved M, Bilushchak H, Obshta A (2019) Development of mathematical model and identification of optimal conditions to obtain phe-nol-cresol-formaldehyde resin. Chem Chem Technol 13(2):212–217.  https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht13.02.212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Moshchinskaya, NK (1969): Polimernye matermly na osnove aromatlcheskikh uglevodorodov i formal’degida (Polymeric Materials Based on Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Formaldehyde), Kyiv, p. 266Google Scholar
  11. Higashihara, G, Okoshi, A (2014): Aromatic hydrocarbon formaldehyde resin, modified aromatic hydrocarbon formaldehyde resin, and epoxy resin, and method for producing said resins, European Patent EP3012275A1Google Scholar
  12. EN 1427-2015. European Standard. Bitumen and bituminous binders. Determination of the softening point. Ring and Ball methodGoogle Scholar
  13. EN 1426-2015. European Standard. Bitumen and bituminous binders. Methods of tests for petroleum and its products. Determination of needle penetrationGoogle Scholar
  14. EN 13587:2016. Bitumen and bituminous binders. Determination of the tensile properties of bituminous binders by the tensile test method)Google Scholar
  15. EN 14023:2010. Bitumen and bituminous binders. Specification framework for polymer modified bitumensGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volodymyr Gunka
    • 1
  • Iurii Sidun
    • 2
    Email author
  • Serhiy Solodkyy
    • 2
  • Nataliya Vytrykush
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Lviv Polytecnic National UniversityLvivUkraine
  2. 2.Institute of Building and Environmental Engineering, Lviv Polytecnic National UniversityLvivUkraine
  3. 3.Viacheslav Chornovil Institute of Sustainadle Development, Lviv Polytecnic National UniversityLvivUkraine

Personalised recommendations