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Case Study: Qatar

  • Waqas NawazEmail author
  • Muammer Koç
Chapter
Part of the Management and Industrial Engineering book series (MINEN)

Abstract

Qatar is entirely different from the benchmark countries in terms of its geography, climate, size, mix of population, culture and thus, economic conditions. It is located on the tiny branch out of the Arabian Peninsula in the eastern side of the Arabian Gulf. It is smaller than the size of state of Connecticut with around only 12,000 km2 of pretty flat and sandy land. The country is considered quite young as it gained its independence in 1971, with small and homogenous native population (i.e., estimated to be around 300,000) as a minority among its quite internationalized total population of around 2.75 million as of 2018. It is almost entirely economically dependent on its abundant oil and gas reserves (i.e., third largest natural gas reserves in the world). The leadership of the country has taken many steps in the past two decades to attempt to transform the hydrocarbon-based economy to knowledge-based economy. The most prominent step among these is the introduction of Qatar National Vision 2030, which sets out the roadmap of economic transformation and human development in Qatar while protecting its physical, natural and cultural environment. In addition, Qatar Foundation (QF), an initiative of the Royal Family, has been phenomenal in Qatar’s effort to develop a knowledge ecosystem. At the same time, enacting the law of ‘Protection of Intellectual Property and Copyright’, ‘Establishing Free Zone’, and ‘Patents Law’ has clearly demonstrated the intentions and determination of the leadership towards a knowledge-based sustainable development. Furthermore, under the umbrella of QF, Qatar is home to eight international branch campuses which help the country in exploiting its local talent on one hand and attracting the foreign talent on the other. Moreover, Qatar has two national universities and three national research institutions operating in proximity of the international branch campuses, science park, and incubation center. The location of knowledge-intensive institutions in close vicinity in the Education City, which is home to the QF and its member institutes and branch campuses, allow these institutions to collaborate and compete at the same time. Other notable institutions playing key roles in the national innovation system are Qatar Development Bank (QDB), Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF), Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP), and the recently established Qatar Research Development Innovation (QRDI) council which offer various necessary funding and support programs to lift the innovational and technological quotient of the country to international standards.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sustainable Development DivisionHamad Bin Khalifa UniversityDohaQatar

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