Attacks or Fireworks? The Spectacularisation of the Anders Breivik Massacre

  • Oriana Binik


What happens when the carnival of crime is not orchestrated by a TV show, a dark tourism operator or a murderabilia website owner but by a criminal in person? The last chapter analyses the case of Breivik, who used the sublime of violence to turn his action into a spectacle or ‘performance’. Taking into consideration Breivik’s ‘2083’ manifesto, a visual analysis of a meme made by his followers, letters written by Breivik and comments on YouTube videos (content analysis), four communication carnival of crime and consent orchestration strategies are identified: a stringent distinction between good and evil, team spirit, a DIY logic and aestheticisation. In contrast to Chapter  7, in the Breivik case, a performative use of justice during the trial enabled the law to deconstruct Breivik’s performance and restored the sacred (right).


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oriana Binik
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly

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