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The Infections Causing Acute Respiratory Failure in Elderly Patients

  • Giampiero Foccillo
Chapter

Abstract

The immune system of older individuals declines with advancing age (“immunosenescence”) increasing susceptibility to infection, as well as to an increased risk of a worse outcome. Severe community-acquired pneumonia and acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are causes of acute respiratory failure (ARF) in elderly patients. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is effective in the treatment of patients with ARF, above all in case of AECOPD.

Abbreviations

AECOPD

Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

ARF

Acute respiratory failure

CAP

Community-acquired pneumonia

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

ESBL

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase

ICU

Intensive care unit

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

NIV

Non-invasive ventilation

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giampiero Foccillo
    • 1
  1. 1.Emergency MedicineSan Paolo HospitalNaplesItaly

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