Quality of Life and Complications After Percutaneous Tracheostomy
Health is defined as a complete state of well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity; so the assessment of quality of life (QOL) has become a crucial aspect in the evaluation of patient outcome. ICU patients are at high risk of serious impairments after the discharge, and the impact on functional, physical and mental status can be dramatic. Many questionnaires have been so far used to determine QOL in ICU, but there are only poor reports which specifically focused this aspect in tracheostomized patients. The main difficulty to establish the influence of tracheotomy on QOL is the lack of specific instruments such as questionnaires which are able to distinguish the role of tracheostomy from the underlying disease and comorbidity when determining the psychological and functional status of the patient.
- 6.Ware J, Snow K, Kosinski M, Gandek B. SF-36 health survey: manual and interpretation guide. Boston: The Health Institute; 1993.Google Scholar
- 8.Hunt SM, McKenna SP, McEwen J, et al. The Nottingham health profile: subjective health status and medical consultations. Soc Sci Med A. 1981;15:221–9.Google Scholar