NIV in Palliative Medicine and End-of-Life Care: The Perspectives of Patients, Families and Clinicians

  • Elif Erdogan
  • Yalim Dikmen


Use of noninvasive ventilation is controversial in the end-of-life patients. It may be seen as a comfort tool to alleviate breathlessness, but on occasions, it may increase suffering. At the end of life, clinicians must be prepared to stop noninvasive ventilation if the burdens outweigh the benefits. Effective communication with patients and family should determine the goals of care.



Acute respiratory failure


Bilevel positive airway pressure


Comfort measures only


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Do not intubate


Do not resuscitate


Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale


High-flow oxygen


Health-related quality of life


Intensive care unit


Impact of Event Scale


Life-sustaining treatments


Noninvasive ventilation


Palliative care


Posttraumatic stress disorder


Short-Form 36 questionnaire


World Health Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elif Erdogan
    • 1
  • Yalim Dikmen
    • 1
  1. 1.Anesthesiology and Reanimation DepartmentCerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University-CerrahpasaIstanbulTurkey

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